This report assesses whether India can achieve the target set under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 8.7, which was adopted by 193 Member Countries including India at the UN General Assembly Summit in September 2015. The report also presents the Child Labour trend in India/States since 1981. Estimation of child labour population in India/States till 2025 has been made in this report. The study reveals that despite having observed a declining trend of child labour population in India during 2001-11, the country will have more than 74 lakhs, child labourers, in 2025, thus not achieving the goal of the complete elimination of child labour set under the SDG 8.7. After having established the reasons for the prevalence of Child Labour as 1) acute poverty, (2) widespread illiteracy, and (3) ignorance of families on the issue of child labour and its consequences, the study also suggests policy recommendations, addressing these reasons, whose adoption may hasten the march of our country towards zero child labour.